Santiago Chile History
Anyone who has been to Chile for even five minutes will have probably heard of the country's turbulent political history. In the 19th century, the revolutionary movement began to emerge in America, and Chile and Santiago were part of that movement. In the 1980s and 1990s, a number of Chilean writers gained international recognition, including Jorge Luis Borges, Jose Maria Sosa, Juan Manuel de la Torre, Miguel de Cervantes, and Juan Pablo Picasso. It is rooted in the dictatorship that produced the economic miracle that distinguished Chilean modernity from the chaos of other Latin American nations.
Chile became part of the Viceroyalty of Peru, and the Spaniards recognized the agricultural potential of the central valley of Chile, but did not find the extensive gold and silver they were looking for. Chile eventually agreed to recognize the disputed territory as Bolivian, as long as Bolivia did not increase taxes on Chilean nitrate companies operating there.
On the map below in Chile you can see the neighbouring countries and find Chile's capital Santiago. The metropolitan area of Santiago, to which the municipality of Santiago also belongs, has 5 million inhabitants, which are called Santiago. If you compare the population of the greater Santiago area with the population of the country (17.9 million), it is easy to see that Santiago is the largest city in the countries.
According to UN urbanization forecasts, Santiago is the second largest city in the world with 6.5 million inhabitants. Santiago, the capital of Chile, is also the most populous city, with an average of 5.4 million inhabitants per square kilometer, as the records of the 2002 census (6.4 million) and the 2010 census show.
According to demographic estimates, about 18,300 Jews lived in Chile in 2016. The Greater Santiago area is mostly located within the 32 municipalities of the province of Santiago and includes five other peripheral municipalities in the south and east of the city, which form the "Greater Santiago." The capital Santiago is located in one of these municipalities, while in other parts of Chile there are smaller municipalities, such as the cities of La Paz, Santiago de Chile and Santiago del Norte.
Santiago is home to the Royal University of San Felipe, founded in 1738 by the University of Chile, and Higgins College, one of the oldest universities in the world. It is abbreviated by several major hospitals, including the Universidad Pontificia Universitaria de Chile (University Hospital of Santiago) and the Universidade de Santiago del Norte.
Founded in February 1541 by Pedro de Valdivia, who was appointed adelantado (governor) of Chile by Francisco Pizarro, the governor of Peru, it was founded from a small indigenous settlement on the outskirts of the city at the intersection of San Felipe and San Pedro streets.
The Spanish conqueror Pedro de Valdivia founded Santiago del Nuevo Extremo on the hill HuelA (c), today known as Cerro Santa LucAa, and founded the city in 1541. Santiago was given its current name Santiago de Santiago in honor of its founder. Santiago de Chile was conquered by the Spanish in the early 1540s (later renamed "Hill Hill") and founded by the Spanish conquerors Pedro and Juan Manuel de Vallejo as the "New Border." The Chilean city, the first in Chile and the second in Latin America, was founded in 1541 by Pedro De Valdivias.
The conquest of Chile began in earnest in 1540 and was carried out by the city of Santiago, which was founded on February 12, 1541. He was the first to hold this post in an independent Chile, although technically he was the second Supreme Director of Chile.
The Spaniards met hundreds of thousands of Indians of different cultures in the area, which is now occupied by modern Chile. Several other Chilean cities, including La Serena, the name of the birthplace of Spain, are also named after him, as are the city of Santiago, the capital of Chile, and several other cities.
In view of all this, Santiago, Chile, only really began to assume the role of a real city at the end of the 17th century. At the beginning of the 19th century Santiago expanded its road and transport system, which helped to establish the city as a metropolitan region of Chile. Santiago gained enormous popularity when farm workers moved to the capital in search of a better life. The threat of attacks from indigenous people disappeared when it managed to grow relatively healthy.
After the disaster of Curalaba in 1599, several settlers from southern Chile fled to Santiago, which eventually led to an exponential population growth in the area.
Chile was first officially and briefly controlled by the Incas in the north and the Araucans in the south. The Incas conquered northern Chile in the 15th century, but were conquered by the Spanish in 1533. After the Spanish conquered it, they prayed in southern Chile until the end of the 19th and early 20th centuries.